Information....

Table: Nutritional information on selected food fishes from India and recommendation for their inclusion for dietary counseling by physicians.

Fish species

Proximate composition(in %)

Recommendable

Catla catla (Catla)

Moisture:76.2±0.3%
Crude protein: 16.2±0.5%
Crude fat:2.8±0.3%
Ash:2.5±0.1%

Proteins

Labeo rohita (Rohu)

Moisture:75.6±0.5
Crude protein: 15.9±0.4%
Crude fat: 2.7±0.2%
Ash: 2.6±0.2%

Proteins

Cirrhinus mrigala (Mrigal)

Moisture:75.3±0.6%
Crude protein:15.5±0.5%
Crude fat:2.8±0.3%
Ash:2.5±0.1%

Proteins

Sperata seenghala (Sykes)

Moisture: 79.4±1.2%
Crude protein: 19.0±1.3%
Crude fat: 0.8±0.4%
Ash:0.9±0.2%

Lean meat (Proteins);
trace elements Fe and Zn

Rita rita (Rita) (Sykes)

Moisture: 77.7±4.3%
Crude protein: 19.5±1.2%
Crude fat: 1.6±0.0%
Ash:1.0±0.1%

Lean meat (Proteins);
trace elements Fe and Zn

Tenualosa ilisha (hilsa)

Moisture: 66.9±4.2%
Crude protein: 20.7±2.7%
Crude fat: 10.5±4.6%
Ash: 1.1±0.5%

ω-3 PUFAs,vitamin E

Chitala chitala (Chital)

Moisture: 74.2±1.2%
Crude protein: 22.2±0.7%
Crude fat: 4.0±0.7%
Ash:1.7±0.1%

Proteins

Notopterus notopterus (Folui)

Moisture: 74.8±1.2%
Crude protein: 16.0±0.5%
Crude fat: 23.7±0.3%
Ash:4.3±0.1%

Proteins

Labeo gonius

Moisture: 73.3±1.2%
Crude protein: 20.6±0.5%
Crude fat: 1.0±0.3%
Ash:1.0±0.1%

Proteins

Labeo fimbriatus

Moisture: 80.3±1.2%
Crude protein: 17.2±0.5%
Crude fat: 1.3±0.3%
Ash:1.2±0.1%

Proteins

Channa striatus (Sol)

Moisture: 78.8±1.2%
Crude protein: 17.9±0.5%
Crude fat: 1.1±0.3%
Ash:1.7±0.1%

Proteins

Labeo dyocheilus

Moisture: 75.4±1.2%
Crude protein: 18.7±0.5%
Crude fat: 5.7±0.3%
Ash:1.4±0.1%

Proteins

Oncorhynchus mykiss (Rainbow trout)

Moisture: 74.7±0.3%
Crude protein:17.9±0.0%
Crude fat: 3.8±0.1%
Ash: 1.8±0.0%

ω-3 and ω-6 PUFAs,Isoleucine, Tyrosine,Proline

Tor putitora (Golden mahseer)

Moisture:74.9±0.1%
Crude protein:17.9±0.5%
Crude fat:4.3±0.1%
Ash:1.5±0.1%

ω-3 PUFAs, Tryptophan

Schizothorax richardsonii ( Snow trout)

Moisture: 77.3±0.0%
Crude protein:16.4±0.1%
Crude fat: 2.5±0.0%
Ash: 1.2±0.2%

ω-3 PUFAs

Neolissochilus hexagonolepis
(Chocolate mahseer)

Moisture: 75.3±0.1%
Crude protein: 18.2±0.3%
Crude fat: 3.3±0.0%
Ash: 1.4±0.0%

ω-3 PUFAs, Calcium and Selenium

Cyprinus carpio
(Common carp)

Moisture:77.2±0.3%
Crude protein:17.9±0.8%
Crude fat:3.0±0.0%
Ash: 1.3±0.1%

ω-3 PUFAs

Amblypharyngodon mola (Mola)

Moisture: 76.2±1.1%
Crude protein: 16.3±0.8%
Crude fat: 4.3±0.0%
Ash:4.0±0.9%

Vitamin A,D and K(highest among all the species studied), trace element Fe

Puntius sophore (Puti)

Moisture: 75.7±1.9%
Crude protein: 16.3±0.9%
Crude fat: 4.9±0.5%
Ash: 3.4±0.1%/p>

Vitamin D and K, trace element Fe and Zn

Johnius coitor
(Bhola)

Moisture:76.4±0.4%
Crude protein:22.3±0.8%
Crude fat:0.9±0.0%
Ash: 1.6±0.0%

Proteins

Liza parsia
(Parse)

Moisture:76.4±0.4%
Crude protein:22.3±0.8%
Crude fat:0.9±0.0%
Ash: 1.6±0.0%

Arginine and Leucine

Polynemus paradiseus
(Topse)

Moisture:75.7±1.2%
Crude protein:17.6±0.5%
Crude fat:4.4±0.3%
Ash: 2.2±0.1%

Proteins

Osteobrama belangiri

Moisture:73.6±1.2%
Crude protein:17.0±0.5%
Crude fat:7.2±0.3%
Ash: 2.1±0.1%

-

Osteobrama cotio

Moisture:76.1±1.1%
Crude protein:19.1±0.4%
Crude fat:1.4±0.5%
Ash: 3.3±0.1%

-

Ompok bimaculatus (Pabda)

Moisture:78.9±1.1%
Crude protein:16.9±0.4%
Crude fat:2.2±0.5%
Ash: 1.9±0.1%

-

Pampus argentius
(Pomfret)

Moisture:76.2±0.7%
Crude protein:19.6±0.6%
Crude fat:4.0±0.6%
Ash: 0.9±0.2%

-

Xenentodon cancila

Moisture:78.2±0.7%
Crude protein:15.7±0.3%
Crude fat:0.7±0.0%
Ash: 3.6±0.1%

-

Clarias batrachus (Magur)

Moisture: 75.9±0.7
Crude protein: 16.4±0.3%
Crude fat: 3.7±0.4%
Ash: 2.3±0.0%

Trace elements Zn and Se,
vitamin K

Heteropneustes fossilis (Singhi)

Moisture: 76.7±1.1%
Crude protein: 16.3±0.4%
Crude fat: 2.7±0.5%
Ash: 2.6±0.1%

Proteins

Gudusia chapra (Koira)

Moisture: 75.3±0.6%
Crude protein: 15.5±0.5%
Crude fat: 2.8±0.3%
Ash: 2.5±0.1%

Ca and P, trace element Fe and Mn (highest among all the species studied)

Ailia coila (Kajuli)

Moisture: 82.8±0.2%
Crude protein: 12.9±0.5%
Crude fat: 1.8±0.0%
Ash: 2.0±0.1%

Ca and P, trace element Fe and Zn

Barbonymus gonionotus

Moisture: 74.55±0.7%
Crude protein: 16.7±0.5%
Crude fat: 4.3±0.6%
Ash: 2.6±0.6%

-

Anabas testudineus (Koi)

Moisture: 68.0±0.7%
Crude protein: 16.9±0.5%
Crude fat: 6.9±0.6%
Ash: 5.3±0.2%

ω-3 PUFAs,Vitamin A and Ca

Etroplus suratensis (Pearl spot)

Moisture: 74.2±0.5%
Crude protein: 20.4±0.8%
Crude fat: 4.7±0.8%
Ash: 1.4±0.1%

ω-3 PUFAs

Stolephorus commersonnii (Commerson's anchovy)

Moisture: 79.4±0.1%
Crude protein: 16.4±0.1%
Crude fat: 1.2±0.0%
Ash: 3.2±0.2%

ω-3 PUFAs, Isoleucine, Threonine

Macrobrachium rosenbergii
(giant river prawn)

Moisture: 73.5±0.6%
Crude protein:16.8±0.5%
Crude fat: 4.4±0.2%
Ash: 4.9±0.2%

Proteins

Fenneropenaeus indicus
( Indian white shrimp)

Moisture: 82.2±0.9%
Crude protein:16.4±0.3%
Crude fat: 0.7±0.4%
Ash: 1.4±0.1%

Proteins

Penaeus monodon (Tiger shrimp)

Moisture: 76.3±0.5%
Crude protein:19.4±0.2%
Crude fat: 0.7±0.4%
Ash: 3.1±0.1%

Proteins

Harpadon nehereus (Bombay duck)

Moisture:87.5±2.0%
Crude protein:8.2±0.9%
Crude fat:2.2±0.2%
Ash:1.1±0.2%

ω-3 PUFAs and calcium

Lates calcarifer (Asian seabass)

Moisture: 72.8±0.6%
Crude protein:21.1±0.9%
Crude fat: 2.6±0.5%
Ash: 1.6±0.1%

Protein

Mugil cephalus (Grey mullet)

Moisture: 75.6±0.6%
Crude protein:20.0±0.9%
Crude fat: 1.79±0.4%
Ash: 1.43±0.3%

Protein

Rastrelliger kanagurta
(Indian mackerel)

Moisture: 78.2±0.1%
Crude protein: 19.2±0.1%
Crude fat:1.7±0.0%
Ash: 1.2±0.0%

ω-3 PUFAs, Histidine

Thunnus albacares ( Yellowfin tuna)

Moisture: 74.1±0.1%
Crude protein: 23.9±0.1%
Crude fat: 0.6±0.0%
Ash: 1.4±0.0%

ω-3 PUFAs, Proteins

Ethynnus affinis (Little tuna)

Moisture: 75.7±0.1%
Crude protein: 20.9±0.1%
Crude fat: 1.9±0.0%
Ash: 1.5±0.0%

ω-3 PUFAs, Proteins

Sardinella longiceps (Sardines)

Moisture: 71.3±7.1%
Crude protein: 17.1±1.4%
Crude fat:9.2±5.8%
Ash: 2.3±0.6%

ω-3 PUFAs, vitamin E

Katsuwonus pelamis (Skipjack tuna )

Moisture: 70.6±7.4%
Crude protein: 22.4±2.9%
Crude fat: 1.2±1.1%
Ash: 1.9±0.8%

ω-3 PUFAs, Proteins

Epinephelus diacanthus
(Spinycheek grouper)

Moisture: 78.5±1.5%
Crude protein: 18.1±1.1%
Crude fat: 0.9±0.5%
Ash: 1.5±0.5%

ω-3 PUFAs, Vitamin E

Nemipterus japonicus (Threadfin bream)

Moisture: 78.5±0.1%
Crude protein: 15.4±0.2%
Crude fat: 5.1±0.0%
Ash: 1.0±0.0%

ω-3 PUFAs

Stolephorus waitei (White bait)

Moisture: 79.9±0.1%
Crude protein: 20.3±0.1 %
Crude fat: 1.1±0.0 %
Ash: 3.3±0.3%

ω-3 PUFAs

Leiognathus splendens (Silverbelly)

Moisture: 74.7±3.7%
Crude protein: 17.2±1.6%
Crude fat: 3.8±3.7%
Ash: 3.1±0.7%

ω-3 PUFAs

Trichiurus lepturus
(Ribbon fish)

Moisture: 75.5±3.6%
Crude protein: 17.9±1.5%
Crude fat: 3.4±4.1%
Ash: 1.6±0.4%

ω-3 PUFAs

Crassostrea madrasensis
(edible oyster)

Moisture: 80.1±0.7%
Crude protein: 16.8±0.1%
Crude fat: 2.7±0.2%
Ash: 1.3±0.1%

ω-3 PUFAs
and Mn

Perna viridis (Green mussel)

Moisture: 83.5±0.5%
Crude protein: 11.0±0.1%
Crude fat: 1.7±0.0%
Ash: 1.2±0.0%

Calcium

Conceptualized, Developed and Maintained by Dr. B. P. Mohanty and D. Karunakaran
© ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore.
Phone: 91-033-25921190/25921191 Fax: 91-033-25920388 E-mail:bimalmohanty12@rediffmail.com; bimal.mohanty@icar.gov.in